You may experience swollen gums as a result of different occurrences.
Orthodontic work, such as braces, may shock your mouth into temporary protective swelling. If you bite into something sharp, such as a chip or popcorn kernel, a localized area of your gums may swell. Uniformly swollen gums, however, often indicate an underlying problem.
Why Are My Gums Swollen?
If you have swollen gums as a result of a periodontal disease, your body is responding to the underlying infection. The swelling is a symptom of a more significant issue requiring treatment. Consider the following periodontal diseases to better understand your puffy gums:
- Gingivitis is usually the first form of disease that occurs as a result of plaque buildup. Plaque is a sticky substance, mostly composed of bacteria. As these harmful bacteria rest along your gumline, they release acids and toxins that promote tooth decay. Bleeding gums, sore gums, and swollen gums are often symptoms of gingivitis.
- Periodontitis typically occurs once your gum disease progresses past gingivitis. The infection is no longer dedicated to your gums, but spreads throughout surrounding tissue, including teeth and supportive bones.
Should I Look for Other Symptoms of Disease?
You should make note of abnormalities that accompany swollen gums. Other symptoms often provide the nudge you need to pick up the phone and call our offices. Whether you have mild gingivitis or severe periodontal disease, the worst thing you can do is wait it out. The longer you put off an appointment, the greater the potential irreversible damage to your mouth. Look for the following symptoms of gum disease if you notice you have inflamed gums:
- Red, not pink, gums
- Loose teeth
- Bleeding gums
- Soft, not firm, gums
- Bad breath
How Can You Treat Swollen Gums?
During your visit with our team at Periodontics Associates, we will take a close look at your dental history, the health of your gums, plaque accumulation, and other implications of poor oral health. We will discuss your daily oral hygiene with you, professionally clean your teeth to remove harmful buildup, and may advise you on proper brushing and flossing techniques. We will also take digital images of your teeth for a deeper view of damage or bacterial growth. Treatments vary according out our diagnoses. If your swollen gums are a symptom of a widespread problem, Dr. Comeaux or Dr. Pearson will explain the problem and offer solutions. We often instruct patients to use a special mouth rinse to help reverse gingivitis. In addition, we may prescribe antibiotic treatment for a moderate to severe infection.
Seeking treatment or surgery for periodontal disease? Our board-certified periodontists take a compassionate approach to periodontal care, and will spend time getting to know you rather than hurrying out of the exam room. Schedule a visit with our team at Periodontics Associates today to review your treatment options with Dr. Comeaux or Dr. Pearson in our Lafayette office, or with Dr. Comeaux at our Opelousas satellite office. Please contact us if you have any questions.