Periodontal diseases occur when bacteria cause inflammation within your gums.
While good oral hygiene is often enough to inhibit disease from occurring, approximately 80 million adults deal with this type of disease in a variety of forms. From mild inflammation to the serious spread of infection that threatens the structural foundation of your mouth, periodontal disease appears in a variety of ways.
What Is Periodontal Disease?
Your mouth is full of bacteria. When you take care of your teeth at home through proper brushing and flossing, you’re already taking steps to prevent periodontal disease. However, making the trip to the dentist for regular cleanings is also essential. No matter how well you care for your teeth, only a dentist has the expertise and appropriate tools to remove plaque, a sticky substance that adheres to teeth. Unaddressed plaque typically hardens into difficult-to-remove “tartar.” Plaque and tartar trap harmful bacteria, which release toxins and acids. Over time, the bacterial activity breaks down your teeth, often causing gum inflammation, cavities, damaged enamel, and infection.
In addition to hygiene issues, other factors that may affect your propensity to experience periodontal disease include the following:
Prescription medications may reduce the amount of saliva in your mouth. Saliva helps coat and protect your oral cavity.
Stress and chronic illness lower your body’s immune function to ward off infection, such as periodontal disease.
Tobacco smoke is one of the worst offenders in promoting gum disease. Tobacco products, in general, increase the likelihood of tartar build-up.
Genetic predisposition may come into play. Some people are simply more likely to experience gum disease based on their genetic makeup.
What Types of Periodontal Diseases Do You Treat?
At the offices of Periodontics Associates, we treat a wide variety of periodontal diseases and issues. Whether you are dealing with mildly inflamed gums and simply need treatment or if you need periodontal surgery, like bone regeneration, allow us to gently guide you back to good oral health.
Common periodontal problems we treat include the following:
Whether you are experiencing symptoms that resemble gum disease or if your dentist has instructed you to visit a periodontist, come in for a visit so we can quickly address your issue while helping you regain a functional, beautiful smile.
Seeking treatment or surgery for periodontal disease? Our board-certified periodontists take a compassionate approach to periodontal care, and will spend time getting to know you rather than hurrying out of the exam room. Schedule a visit with our team at Periodontics Associates today to review your treatment options with Dr. Comeaux or Dr. Pearson in our Lafayette office, or with Dr. Comeaux at our Opelousas satellite office. Please contact us if you have any questions.