Gum recession is an effect of gum disease that you may not even notice.
However, the associated symptoms may let you know something is not quite right with your oral health. While your genes or overly aggressive brushing may influence your likelihood of experiencing receding gums, the primary cause is bacterial disease.
What Is Gum Recession?
Gum recession, often referred to as a “receding gumline,” is when the gumline pulls back, away from the tooth it protects. Because this often occurs slowly, you may not notice your gums receding. Poor oral hygiene allows plaque to build up along your teeth. The bacteria in plaque gradually erode your gumline. As your gums pull away from your teeth, they lift up just enough for bacteria to invade, thus promoting further gum recession.
If you suspect you may have receding gums, consider common associated symptoms:
- Teeth sensitivity
- Extended tooth appearance
- The tooth is a different color nearer the gumline
What Are the Causes and Effects of This Gum Disease?
Your gums cover and protect sensitive areas of your teeth, near your roots. Receding gums may occur with gingivitis. However, the more severe your periodontal disease becomes, the greater the recession. Severe periodontitis is often accompanied by extremely noticeable and uncomfortable receding gums, which require surgery. When your gumline recedes, it exposes sensitive areas of each tooth. In addition, the open space between your gums and your teeth become vulnerable to bacterial invasion and the build-up of plaque and tartar.
How Do You Treat Gum Recession?
Gum recession treatment is not a one-size-fits-all solution. More than one treatment exists to fit the stage of recession and the underlying problem. Dr. Comeaux or Dr. Pearson and our team will first address your bacterial imbalance, removing plaque and tartar build-up and then treating the infection. We may recommend the use of a rinse, topical antibiotic, or oral antibiotics to clear up the bacterial infection. Once your tissue is healthy, we will discuss soft tissue grafting and pocket reduction surgery with you to determine which course of action best fits your circumstances. You can expect an improved gumline, the ability to care for your teeth at home, and a more aesthetically pleasing smile.
Seeking treatment or surgery for periodontal disease? Our board-certified periodontists take a compassionate approach to periodontal care, and will spend time getting to know you rather than hurrying out of the exam room. Schedule a visit with our team at Periodontics Associates today to review your treatment options with Dr. Comeaux or Dr. Pearson in our Lafayette office, or with Dr. Comeaux at our Opelousas satellite office. Please contact us if you have any questions.